The use of a new low smoke, heat distortion temperature modifier for rigid PVC and chlorinated PVC is discussed. This material, CN-1427, is a tetrabromobisphenol A carbonate oligomer which is compatible with vinyl compositions. The carbonate oligomer can be compounded into PVC resin to improve heat distortion temperature of PVC and CPVC by 20–30°C. Unlike conventional HDT modifiers, brominated carbonate oligomers do not increase smoke evolution during flammability testing. Thus, using carbonate oligomer technology, it is possible to achieve low smoke, Class I (ASTM E-84) and V-O flammability (UL-94) performance. Vinyl compositions, modified with the carbonate oligomer described in this work, can be utilized as an alternative to expensive engineering thermoplastics. This paper reports recent studies on the use of carbonate oligomers as heat distortion temperature modifiers for low smoke vinyl applications. Formulation information addressing flammability and physical property performance is presented in detail.
Heat Distortion Temperature Modification Of Rigid PVC And Chlorinated PVC: A Method To Produce Low Smoke Compositions, E. J. Termine, Journal of Vinyl Technology, 12, 204-207 (1990), DOI: 10.1002/vnl.730120405.